Psychedelic Mushrooms: In Depth
Flying Saucer Mushroom (Psilocybe Azurescens)
The most potent Psilocybe mushroom of all and can be found growing in wood chips and sandy soils with a strong affection to dune grass. It has been reported to be found in the United States (Oregon, California, New Mexico, Wisconsin, Vermont and Ohio) and Germany (Leipzig).
It is brown to a caramel color. The cap is 3 – 10 cm (up to 4 inches) wide and 3 – 6 mm thick in the center. It has a conic shape and is surrounded by a thin gelatinous skin that can be separated from the rest of the cap. Because it contains the most psiloybin, it bruises extremely dark blue to almost black.
The stem is usually 90 – 200 mm (3.5 to 8 inches) long by 3 – 6 mm thick. The spore print is dark purplish brown to purplish black.
Total Potency: 2.51%
Potency per 1 gram: 25 mg
Knobby Tops (Psilocybe Baeocystis)
This mushroom can be found growing in mulch, wood chips or the lawn with a strong affection towards the bark of Douglas firs. It was first reported in Oregon but is common among the Pacific northwest.
The cap is 1.5 – 5.5 cm (up to 2 inches) broad and conic in shape. It is dark olive brown to buff brown and occasionally steel blue but becomes copper brown in the center when drying. The surface appears gelatinous, with a separable gelatinous pellicle.
The stem is usually 50-70 mm (about 2 to 3 inches) long by 2-3 mm thick. The spore print is purplish brown.
Total Potency: 1.54%
Potency per 1 gram: 15 mg
Liberty Cap (Psilocybe Semilanceata)
Typically found in the fall in pastures, fields, lawns or grassy areas especially areas grazed by sheep and cows. It has been reported to be found on the west coast of the United States. I has also been spotted in New York, Europe (France, Holland, Italy, Norway, and Switzerland), South Africa, Chile, Northern India, Australia, and Tasmania.
It’s cap is .5 – 2.5 cm (up to an inch) wide and conic in shape. It is usually a dark chestnut brown color when moist and a light tan to yellow when dry and can have an olive tint. It does have a separable gelatinous pellicle.
The spore print is dark purplish brown. The stem is 40 – 100 mm (1.5 to 4 inches) long by .75 – 2 mm thick.
Total Potency: 1.36%
Potency per 1 gram: 14 mg
Golden Caps (Psilocybe Cubensis)
Due to it being the most popular mushroom for people to buy online I decided to give the cubensis it’s whole own article with the top 10 different strains to buy:
It is the most common magical mushroom, and you can find it in the spring, summer, and fall (in the southern United States, May and June are the best months to pick them, but they can be found up until January) growing mostly out of the poop of cattle, horses, or elephants, or in grounds rich in this manure.
This one can be found in the United States, Mexico, Cuba, Central America, northern South America, India, Thailand, Vietnam, Cambodia and Australia.
The cap is 1.5 – 8 cm (up to 3 inches) wide and is conic to bell like in shape while young and eventually being convex to flat with age. It is usually a reddish cinnamon brown color while young and then becoming more golden brown to pale yellow or nearly white with age with the center region (umbo) being more darker cinnamon brown.
It’s spore print is dark purplish brown and it’s stem is 40 – 150 mm (up to 6 inches) long by 5 – 15 mm thick.
Total Potency: 1.26%
Potency per 1 gram: 13 mg
Wavy Caps (Psilocybe Cyanescens)
This mushroom grows in fields that are rich in rotting wood, wood chips, and sawdust. In the fall and early winter, you’ll most likely see it on the edges of lawns, paths, or heavily mulched rose gardens. It has been seen in the United Kingdom, Europe and the United States (from San Francisco to southern Alaska).
The cap is 2 – 4 cm (up to 1.5 inches) wide and is wavy. It is a chestnut brown while young and becomes more caramel with age while turning to a dark yellowish brown when dying. It sometimes has a separable gelatinous pellicle.
The spore print is dark purplish brown and the stem is 20 – 80 mm (up to 3 inches) long by 2.5 – 5 mm thick.
Total Potency: 1.24%
Potency per 1 gram: 12 mg
Reported to be seen in Florida and Mississippi in the fall and has only been captured in the wild a handful of times.
The cap is 1 – 2.4 cm (up to 1 inch) wide. It’s convex when young and then turning to plane with age. It is brown to straw brown and will fade to a light straw or yellowish grey.
The spore print is purplish brown and the stem is 20 – 60 mm (up to 2.5 inches) long by 1 – 2 mm thick.
Total Potency: 1.00%
Potency per 1 gram: 10 mg
In Georgia, it is available from September to November. It grows in red clay soil with a thin layer of pine needles on top.
The cap is 2 – 6 mm wide and is conic with an inrolled end when young. Then it will be incurved and expanding to almost plane with age. It is a dark chestnut brown to oliveaceous brown with blackish brown zones around the ends. It will fade to light brown when dying. It’s flesh is 3 – 4 mm thick.
It is spore print is dark violet grayish black. It’s stem is 25 – 70 mm (up to 2.7 inches) long by 4 – 8 mm thick.
Total Potency: 0.93%
Potency per 1 gram: 9 mg
Little Birds of the Woods (Psilocybe Hoogshagenii)
This magic mushroom likes to live in muddy clay soils on coffee plantations. It is found from June to July in Mexico and in February in Argentina. It has also been seen in Brazil and Columbia.
The cap is 1 – 2.5 cm (up to 1 inch) wide. It’s conic in shape with an acute, extended papilla (up to 4 mm long) in the center. The color is reddish brown to orangish brown to yellowish while fading to straw colored with age.
The spore print is dark purplish brown. The stem is 50 – 90 mm (up to 3.5 inches) long by 1 – 3 mm thick.
Total Potency: 0.70%
Potency per 1 gram: 7 mg
Blue Ringers (Psilocybe Stuntzii)
You can find this one growing in clusters on wood chips, soil rich in woody debri, newly placed lawns and fields, along roads/paths and in gardens. Typically found in early winter and in the spring and has been spotted in Oregon, Washington and British Columbia.
The cap is 1.5 – 5 cm wide and conic at first. It expand convex and almost plane with age. The cap is a dark chestnut brown and lighter toward the edges which appears as olive greenish. Later it will fade to a more yellowish brown to pale yellow with age.
The spore print is dark purplish grayish brown. The stem is 30 – 60 mm (up to 2.3 inches) long by 2 – 4 mm thick.
Total Potency: 0.50%
Potency per 1 gram: 5 mg
The Bohemian Psilocybe (Psilocybe Bohemica)
Can be found in central Europe in the autumn, growing on woody debris and having a strong preference for Betula, Carpinus, Alnus, and Piceae trees.
The cap is 1 – 4 cm (up to 1.5 inches) wide and conic in shape but as it ages will be plane to convex in shape. It is clay brown to dingy orange brown in color and gets lighter towards the outside. It does not have a separable gelatinous pellicle.
It’s spore print is grayish purple brown. It’s stem is 20 – 60 mm (1 to 2 inches) long by 2 – 5 mm thick.
Total Potency: 1.47%
Potency per 1 gram: 15 mg